The African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights established the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights. The Commission was inaugurated on 2 November 1987 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The Commission’s Secretariat has subsequently been located in Banjul, The Gambia.
The Commission consists of 11 members elected by the African Union Assembly from experts nominated by the State parties to the Charter. Members of the Commission are elected for a six-year term and are eligible for re-election.
In addition to performing any other tasks which may be entrusted to it by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government, the Commission is officially charged with three major functions:
- The protection of human and peoples' rights
The Commission ensures protection of human and peoples’ rights through its communication procedure, friendly settlement of disputes, state reporting (including consideration of NGOs’ shadow reports), urgent appeals and other activities of special rapporteurs and working groups and missions.
- The promotion of human and peoples' rights
The Commission carries out sensitisation, public mobilisation and information dissemination through seminars, symposia, conferences and missions.
- The interpretation of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights
The Commission is mandated to interpret the provisions of the Charter upon a request by a state party, organs of the AU or individuals.
For more information, please visit the website of the Commission and the webpage of its Working Group on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.